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What is Kopitiam?

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By: RJ Fisher
Last Update: January 2023

What is kopitiam?

Well, that’s easy, a kopitiam is what they call a coffee shop in Malaysia and Singapore. Case closed.

Or actually it’s not that easy, since that’s just the short version. There’s a lot more to it. Kopitiam is special.

I guess it can be kind of confusing if you’ve never been to Malaysia. Or to Singapore for that matter, because kopitiam might be even more popular in the lion city.

I’ll explain what a kopitiam is and why a visit to a kopitiam should be high on your to-do list when in Malaysia and/or Singapore. To ensure you of the best experience I will also provide you with a list of the best kopitiams in Malaysia and Singapore. A list of authentic and traditional kopitiams mind you! Not sponsored and no tourist traps.

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Kopitiam explained

I should make it clear that I am neither Malaysian nor Singaporean. So, to make sure I’m not spreading nonsense, I had three different locals explain to me what is kopitiam in their own words. They gave me three different answers! Fortunately I did find a common thread in their explanations, which is what I am giving to you.

First of all, “Kopi” translates to “Coffee” in Malay and “tiam” to “shop” in Hokkien Chinese, so it literally means coffee shop. See, I told you it was easy. But of course that’s not the end of it. Over time kopitiam has evolved has its own specific culture built around it. It even has its own dedicated slang.

For the record, a kopitiam is sometimes also referred to as a “kedai kopi”, with “kedai” being the Malay word for “shop”. The main difference is that a kedai kopi is often Muslim friendly, serving halal products. I said “often”, as in “not always”. See, I told you it wasn’t easy. Yeah, it’s complicated.

Man pouring "sock pulled coffee" in a traditional kopitiam
Uncle Shi pouring a traditional sock pulled coffee at Heap Seng Leong in Singapore

Neighborhood hangout

A kopitiam is an integral part of the Malaysian/Chinese culture and social scene. It’s a place frequented by uncle for his daily fix of Malaysian sock pulled kopi O gao (strong black coffee). When he’s not lingering over his newspaper he plays chess or makes political comments that nobody wants to hear.

Auntie also visits every day for the latest gossip, but she prefers kopi C (with milk). Commuters have a quick breakfast or pick up their teh peng (sweet iced tea) and kaya butter toast (toast with coconut jam, often with a side of soft boiled eggs).

Buttering toast in a kopitiam
Preparing kaya butter toast

At lunch time, delivery boys and taxi drivers stop by for a bowl of Mee Goreng (fried noodles) and teh poh (thin tea with lot’s of water). School children use the kopitiam for studying after school hours while enjoying milo (powdered chocolate drink). Teenagers hang out with their friends consuming snacks, cakes and ji ba ho (Singaporean isotonic sports drink).

Above all, a kopitiam is a place where the neighborhood meets for social interaction.

Are you planning to visit Malaysia? Eat like a local and explore Malay cuisine with in the know food professionals!

Kopitiam evolved

There are literally thousands of kopitiams in Malaysia and Singapore. Some are more established than others. Originally, a kopitiam was just a small shop where the owner served his coffee/tea and a few small snacks, like charcoal toasted bread with kaya. More food was facilitated by in-house or surrounding food hawker stalls. Needless to say that the quality of the hawker stalls is essential to the kopitiam’s overall success. There are lot’s of these old skool places left that operate this way.

However, some of the kopitiams evolved into small restaurants. They still offer traditional kaya and milo, but added a variety of food like nasi lemak (Malaysia’s national rice dish) and various noodle dishes served from their own kitchen.

While these ‘new style’ kopitiams still fulfill their traditional role of neighborhood hangout, this is less true for the latest evolution in kopitiams.

Large chains that go by names as “Ya Kun”, ‘Killiney Kopitiam” and “Toast Box” have sprung up with their marketing trying to evoke recollections of ‘the good ol’ days’. They are popular and serve most of the traditional fare, but usually lack the social context that is so characteristic for traditional kopitiams.

Front of a Ya Kun Kaya Toast shop
Ya Kun Kaya Toast is a large international kopitiam chain from Singapore photocredit:

National heritage

If you ever find yourself in Singapore or Malaysia and you want a taste of the authentic food/culture, then an ‘old skool kopitiam’ is the place to go. You should definitely experience this true reflection of Malay/Chinese heritage that is still very much alive in places like Kuala Lumpur, Georgetown on Penang Island and Singapore. While you’re at it, you’ll get to enjoy some of the best local food and kopi, so why not? When in Rome…

Best kopitiams in Malaysia and Singapore


Heng Wah Traditional Coffee Stall The Chinatown complex in Singapore is where Mr. Tang serves his traditional sock pulled nanyang coffee and the most delicious kaya butter toast. A bit difficult to find maybe, but this only helps to keep this little gem one of the best kept kopitiam secrets of Singapore.

Man pouring "sock pulled coffee"in a kopitiam

Keng Wah Sung Cafe Perfect toast with thick slices of chilled, salted butter and one of the best kopis in town makes this a popular place for locals. Wonton mee and economy bee hoon stir up a crowd every morning. Operational for more than 70 years and it shows. Professional, but still traditional.

Exterior of "Keng Wah Sung Cafe

Heap Seng Leong The proverbial old skool koptiam. Watch uncle Shi prepare sock pulled kopi in his pajamas as he has been doing since 1974. Order a kopi gu you (with a slab of butter to tone down the harsh robusta notes) with charcoal grilled kaya and feel like an insider.

kopi gu you (coffee with butter) from Heap Seng Leong Kopitiam


Kong Thai Lai 3rd generation Kopitiam (100 years) in Georgetown on Penang Island. Traditional coffee and Kaya toast, but also nasi lemak, hokkien mee and fried rice.

Man preparing coffee in the Kong Thai Lai Kopitiam

Kafeteria Dan hotel Eng Loh Another long time kopitiam packed with locals since 1940. Next to great kaya toast the incorporated hawker stalls are excellent. Think Char Kuay Teow and Penang White Curry Mee.

Exterior of the "Kafetaria dan hotel Eng Loh" Kopitiam

Genting Cafe A bit out of the way, but well worth the detour because of the best Chee Cheong Fun. The secret is in the dressing, in this case peanut butter mixed in with the hoi sin sauce. The in-house nasi lemak and wan tan mee stalls are pretty good as well.

Plate of "Chee Cheong Fun"

Kuala Lumpur

Kedai Kopi Lai Foong One of the few surviving original coffee shops in Chinatown. By original I mean real traditional dark and thick, sock pulled nanyang coffee in a rather grimy and gritty environment. The Uncles and Aunties clientele still frequent this place, as they have done for most of their lives

Exterior of the "Kedai Kopi Lai Foong"

Ho Kow Hainam Kopitiam has been around for 60 years, now in a new location near Jalan Petaling. Very popular place thanks to great marketing. Maybe the place lost a bit of authenticity, but the food is excellent and well worth your visit. Only opens from 7:30am to 2:30pm.

Front of the Ho Kow Hainam Kopitiam

Capital Café is what they call in Malaysia a “Muhibbah” place, meaning a “multi-racial, multi-cultural setting”. Hainanese noodles, Nasi Padang, Mamak food, satay and of course kopi and kaya toast. Different cultures under one roof, now that’s what Malaysia is about! The place is small, traditional and famous. You’ll have a hard time finding a seat here.

Interior of the Capital Café Kopitiam in Kuala Lumpur

Read more: The “Mamak Food Stalls” of Malaysia. Indian delights.

Are you ready to kopitiam? Let us know your experience in the comments. Also, we are always up for recommendations of good quality kopitiams to visit.

Safe travels!,


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